Sudarium of oviedo carbon dating
We can see with our bare eyes the most noticeable of these vignon markings, which are the three-sided `square' between brows, V shape at bridge of nose, raised right eyebrow, enlarged left nostril, large owlish eyes and two strands of hair on the forehead.
There are many more icons of Christ which are in existence today which are for sure based on the Shroud of Turin image and which predates the earliest date predicted by the 1988 carbon 14 dating of the Shroud of Turin.
The picture shows a burial cloth with the same exact herringbone weave pattern as in the Shroud of Turin and also shows the 4 burn holes.
The repair of the Shroud corners was carried out by a technique called ‘Invisible darning’ using linen threads to match as closely as possible to the shroud original cloth.
Postage stamp size samples for the 1988 carbon dating of the Shroud that was taken from the corners of the Shroud, was not of the same material as from the main body of the Shroud cloth.
The corners of the Shroud had been worn out and Damaged through the 1300 years that the Shroud was exhibited being held at its corners.
The most impressive proof of the existence of the Shroud prior to 1260 are the paintings of Jesus or Icons of Jesus dating from the years after 525.
As explained in our History page, The Shroud of Turin Mandylion was hidden inside the city wall of Edessa in the year AD 57, when the new King of Edessa, King Ma’nu VI ascended to the throne in Edessa and started persecuting Christians and destroying all Christian artifacts.